Global Encephalitis Treatment Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By End-user, By Region, and Segment Forecasts, 2023 - 2032
  • Published Date: Nov, 2023
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  • Pages: 200
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  • Report Summary
  • Table of Contents
  • Segmentation
  • Methodology
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Encephalitis is an uncommon yet grave neurological disorder characterized by brain inflammation. It typically arises from infections triggered by viruses or bacteria or, in some cases, due to immune system dysfunction. Encephalitis manifests through various physical and neurological symptoms, including fever, headaches, muscle stiffness, weakness, altered behaviour, confusion, memory impairment, seizures, heightened sensitivity to light, and even loss of consciousness. Timely and accurate diagnosis and treatment of encephalitis are paramount, as the condition can have severe consequences for the affected individual.

Global Encephalitis Treatment Market was valued at US $20.5 Bn in 2022 and is expected to reach ~US $33 Bn by 2032, growing at a CAGR of 4.8% during the forecast period 2023-2032.

The symptoms of encephalitis can vary in severity, emphasizing the need for urgent treatment. Encephalitis is typically managed through various medical interventions, including antiviral drugs, steroids, antibiotics, immunoglobulin therapies, plasmapheresis, and medications such as anticonvulsants and antifungal drugs.

Encephalitis represents a global health concern due to its significant mortality and morbidity rates. Addressing such diseases is crucial to reducing mortality rates worldwide. According to the National Institute of Health, the global incidence of encephalitis ranges from 3.5 to 7.4 cases per 100,000 individuals annually despite advancements in treatment options. Furthermore, studies conducted by the same institution indicate that encephalitis leads to fatalities in 5-20% of affected individuals.

COVID-19 Impact on Encephalitis Treatment Market

The global healthcare systems have faced significant disruptions due to the financial crisis and the prioritization of COVID-19-related treatments, leading to delays in specialized healthcare delivery. Due to the pandemic's aftermath, there has been a global decrease in cancer care, including the postponement of tumour surgeries. These factors could potentially have adverse effects on the encephalitis treatment market.

The global encephalitis treatment market faced disruptions during the COVID-19 pandemic, primarily due to government-imposed lockdowns and travel restrictions worldwide. Consequently, there was a decline in the number of individuals seeking encephalitis treatment and hospitalizations, which negatively impacted the market. However, as COVID-19 cases declined and restrictions eased, the market witnessed significant growth. This growth was driven by an uptick in patient demand for treatments and the introduction of new products to the market.

Factors Driving the Encephalitis Treatment Market

Drivers

Growing Incidences of Encephalitis

The primary factor contributing to the market's growth is the elevated mortality and morbidity rates associated with encephalitis virus infections. Additionally, the market benefits from increased governmental initiatives aimed at vaccination programs. For example, as of April 28, 2022, the World Health Organization reported 37 human cases of Japanese encephalitis in four Australian states, including 25 laboratory-confirmed cases and 12 probable cases.

As the number of cases and fatalities continues to rise, individuals are increasingly inclined to take preventive measures such as immunization. This heightened demand for encephalitis treatment is driving market expansion. Furthermore, the growing incidence of cancer is expected to act as a significant driver, further accelerating market growth. In cases where the body is combating cancer, certain immune system disorders may trigger encephalitis, thereby increasing the occurrence rate of encephalitis.

Restraints

High cost associated with the treatment

The considerable expense associated with encephalitis treatment poses a noteworthy obstacle when managing and addressing this medical condition. Treating encephalitis typically entails a spectrum of medical interventions, ranging from hospitalization and diagnostic assessments to medication regimens and occasionally even surgical procedures. These interventions can accumulate substantial costs, imposing a significant financial burden on patients and their families. These financial obligations encompass direct expenses related to medical procedures and medications and indirect costs such as transportation, lodging, and lost wages incurred due to illness.

The steep price tag associated with encephalitis treatment can substantially curtail access to care, especially among individuals from low-income or economically disadvantaged backgrounds. Patients lacking adequate health insurance coverage or sufficient financial resources may encounter difficulties affording essential medical interventions, resulting in delayed or suboptimal treatment.

Moreover, the elevated costs of encephalitis treatment can amplify disparities in healthcare delivery. People residing in marginalized or underserved communities may confront heightened barriers when seeking access to high-quality encephalitis care. This can lead to disparate health outcomes among various socioeconomic groups.

Furthermore, encephalitis treatment expenditures can potentially strain healthcare systems and resources. The allocation of substantial resources to manage cases with exorbitant healthcare costs may divert funding and attention away from other critical healthcare priorities. This diversion could, in turn, impact the overall quality and availability of healthcare services, potentially compromising the population's well-being.

In certain instances, individuals may postpone seeking medical attention for encephalitis symptoms due to apprehensions about the associated financial burdens. Such delays in diagnosis and treatment can result in the disease's progression to more severe stages, leading to inferior outcomes and, ultimately, higher healthcare expenses in the long term.

Opportunities

Ongoing research and development activities

The research and development (R&D) investment surge offers a substantial opportunity within the encephalitis treatment market. Expanded R&D investment empowers researchers and pharmaceutical firms to delve into and formulate novel therapies and treatment strategies for encephalitis. This exploration can result in identifying more potent and precisely targeted treatments, potentially elevating patient outcomes. R&D endeavours can contribute to advancing cutting-edge diagnostic tools and techniques for encephalitis. Timely diagnosis is paramount for effective treatment and enhanced diagnostic capabilities have the potential to detect cases earlier, potentially mitigating disease severity. R&D funding can bolster the creation of vaccines tailored to combat specific pathogens responsible for encephalitis. Vaccination is a preventive measure capable of notably diminishing encephalitis incidence, especially in cases triggered by viruses like the herpes simplex virus and Japanese encephalitis virus. Heightened R&D investment can lead to the formulation of personalized treatment strategies for encephalitis. Customizing treatments according to individual patient's genetic profiles and specific disease characteristics can amplify treatment effectiveness.

In summary, increased R&D investment signifies a substantial opportunity for the encephalitis treatment market. It can fuel the development of ground-breaking therapies, sophisticated diagnostic tools, preventive vaccines, and personalized treatment approaches, ultimately enhancing patient care and outcomes in encephalitis treatment.

Encephalitis Treatment Market Segmentation 

By Treatment Type

The global encephalitis treatment market is categorized by treatment type, including antiviral agents, steroids, antibiotics, immunoglobulin therapy, plasmapheresis, and other treatment modalities. In 2022, the antiviral agent segment emerged as the largest contributor. These antiviral agents are pivotal in treating primary encephalitis stemming from diverse viral causes. Several factors underpin the dominance of the antiviral agent segment are the rising incidence of primary encephalitis caused by various viruses, which is fuelling the demand for antiviral agents, the increase in awareness and diagnosis of encephalitis cases and antiviral agents offer a cost-effective treatment option compared to some other modalities, making them accessible to a broader patient population.

By Route of Administration

The encephalitis treatment market is segmented based on the route of administration, which includes oral, parenteral, and other routes. In 2022, the oral segment emerged as the dominant category, capturing the largest market share. Several factors contribute to this segment's supremacy: the oral route of administration is widely adopted for encephalitis treatment due to its effectiveness in delivering medications to patients.

Oral administration is a non-invasive approach that patients and healthcare providers favour because it eliminates requiring injections or other invasive procedures. Additionally, oral medications are known for their convenience in terms of administration, storage, and portability, which further solidifies their status as the preferred choice for encephalitis treatment.

By Regions

By region, the encephalitis treatment market is divided into North America, Europe, APAC, and Others. Others are further divided into the Middle East and South America.

In 2022, North America emerged as the market leader in revenue in the encephalitis treatment market. This leadership position can be attributed to several factors, including a higher incidence of encephalitis, increased investments in research and development for developing new encephalitis drugs, major industry players, and a well-established healthcare infrastructure. The North American market is expected to witness robust growth, driven by ongoing advancements in the healthcare sector, supported by increased research and development activities in the industry. The region is projected to achieve the highest CAGR of 5.2% during the forecast period.

Encephalitis has an annual incidence of 10-15 cases per 100,000 people, with more than 250,000 cases documented in the United States over the past decade. While encephalitis can affect individuals of all ages, it is more commonly observed in children and adolescents. Approximately 15% of encephalitis cases are linked to the HIV-infected population. Notably, there has been a rise in the incidence of encephalitis among children in the United States over the past decade. This increase may be partly attributed to the expanded use of immunosuppressive therapies and bone marrow and solid organ transplantation, which are associated with a heightened risk of encephalitis. Furthermore, the improved sensitivity of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for brain parenchymal imaging may have contributed to the increased detection of encephalitis cases.

The encephalitis treatment market in the Asia Pacific region is projected to experience a steady growth rate with a CAGR of 5.1% throughout the forecast period. This region, notably including countries like India, China, and South Korea, dominates the encephalitis treatment market. The primary factors contributing to this dominance are the substantial elderly population and the increasing prevalence of the disease. According to the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control's March 2022 updates, the Japanese Encephalitis virus is prevalent across Asia and Oceania, encompassing regions from Japan to India, Pakistan, and Australia.

The continuous growth of the healthcare industry and the rising number of elderly individuals in these economies are expected to result in a higher patient population. In particular, India, China, and Brazil are anticipated to emerge as rapidly growing markets due to increased government investments to improve healthcare infrastructure and facilities.

Encephalitis Treatment Market Competitive Landscape

The competitive landscape of the encephalitis treatment market involves assessing the competitive landscape to understand the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. Encephalitis treatment providers are investing in the research development of innovative and more effective treatments. Several prominent players operating in the global encephalitis treatment market, including but not limited to Allergan, Merck & Co., Inc., Pfizer Inc., GlaxoSmithKline plc, Melinta Therapeutics LLC, Basilea Pharmaceutica Ltd., Abbott, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd., Sanofi, and various others.

As technological advancements progress rapidly and companies seek ways to enhance customer engagement, startups actively strive to establish their presence in the encephalitis treatment market. Among these startups, SingVax was dedicated to developing prophylactic vaccines for various infectious diseases. The company's product portfolio included vaccines for Enterovirus 71, aimed at preventing hand, foot, and mouth disease in children, a Japanese Encephalitis (JE) vaccine for JE virus infection prevention, and a chikungunya virus vaccine. SingVax was acquired by Invitrogen in October 2009.

Another notable startup, Inviragen, focused on the development of vaccines to protect against a range of infectious diseases, including dengue, hand, foot, and mouth disease, chikungunya, Japanese encephalitis, influenza, and a combined plague/smallpox vaccine for biodefense purposes. Takeda acquired Inviragen in 2013, involving an upfront payment of $35 million and potential future payments of up to $215 million linked to the progress of development and the achievement of key commercial milestones.

Recent Developments

  • In December 2022, the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) of the European Medicines Agency issued a favourable opinion, recommending the approval of Dupixent (dupilumab) in the European Union (EU) for the treatment of adults and adolescents with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE).
  • In May 2022, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Dupixent 300 mg weekly to treat patients aged 12 years and older, weighing at least 40 kg.
  • In February 2021, Pfizer Inc. announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) had accepted the company's Biologics License Application (BLA) for TicoVac, a tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) vaccine intended for active immunization to prevent TBE in individuals aged 1 year and older. TICOVAC can generate neutralizing antibodies against the TBE virus found in the wild. It includes albumin, a human blood-derived product. The risk of viral illness transmission and variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) transmission is extremely low due to rigorous donor screening and product manufacturing procedures in place.

Global Encephalitis Treatment Market Segmentation

Encephalitis Treatment by Treatment Type: Market Size & Forecast 2023-2030

  • Antiviral Agents
  • Steroids
  • Antibiotics
  • Immunoglobulin Therapy
  • Plasmapheresis
  • Other Treatments

Encephalitis Treatment by Application: Market Size & Forecast 2023-2030

  • Viral Encephalitis
  • Bacterial Encephalitis
  • Fungal Encephalitis
  • Parasitic Encephalitis
  • Autoimmune Encephalitis
  • Post-Vaccination Encephalitis
  • Other

Encephalitis Treatment by End User: Market Size & Forecast 2023-2030

  • Hospitals
  • Specialty Clinics
  • Other

Encephalitis Treatment by Geography: Market Size & Forecast 2023-2030

  • North America (USA, Canada, Mexico)
  • Europe (Germany, UK, France, Russia, Italy, Rest of Europe)
  • Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, South Korea, India, Southeast Asia, Rest of Asia-Pacific)
  • South America (Brazil, Argentina, Columbia, Rest of South America)
  • Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Nigeria, South Africa, Rest of MEA)

Major Players:

  • GlaxoSmithKline plc
  • Sanofi
  • Johnson & Johnson
  • Merck & Co., Inc.
  • Pfizer Inc.
  • Novartis AG
  • Bayer AG
  • Biogen Inc.
  • Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd.
  • AstraZeneca PLC
  • Abbott Laboratories
  • Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited
  • Bristol Myers Squibb Company
  • Eli Lilly and Company
  • Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.
  • AbbVie Inc.
  • Astellas Pharma Inc.
  • Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH
  • Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corporation
  • Mylan N.V.
  • Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.
  • Eisai Co., Ltd.
  • Ipsen S.A.
  • Lundbeck A/S

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