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Global Photoelectric Cells Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report, by Type (Photoconductive cell, Photo emissive cell, Photovoltaic cell), Application (Power producers, Light detectors, Light amplifiers), End users (Automotive, Military & Aerospace, Electronics & Semiconductor), By Region (North America, Europe, APAC, and Others), and Segment Forecasts, 2023 – 2030
  • Published Date: Sep, 2023
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  • Pages: 200
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  • Methodology
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Global Photoelectric Cells Market was valued at US $ 1.7 Billion in 2022 and is expected to reach US $ 2.8 Billion  by 2030 growing at a CAGR of % during the forecast period 2023 – 2030.

A photoelectric cell, alternatively known as an Electric Eye, Photocell, or Phototube, is an electronic device characterized by a photosensitive cathode capable of emitting electrons upon exposure to light and an anode that collects these emitted electrons. Various cathode materials exhibit sensitivity to specific parts of the light spectrum, including ultraviolet, infrared, and visible light. In the absence of illumination, the voltage between the anode and cathode results in no current flow since no electrons are emitted. However, when light illuminates the cathode, it stimulates the emission of electrons, which are then drawn towards the anode, creating a current that is directly proportional to the intensity of the light.

These tubes play a crucial role in control systems, where interrupting a light beam can open a circuit, triggering a relay that, in turn, provides power to a mechanism to execute a desired action, such as the opening of a door. Additionally, these tubes find applications in photometry and spectroscopy. Photoelectric cells find application in a wide range of industries, including automation, security systems, and consumer electronics. For instance, they are often used in automatic streetlights, where they detect the onset of darkness and trigger the streetlights to turn on. Similarly, they are employed in security systems to detect intruders' motion by sensing changes in light patterns. Advances in sensor technology and the growing trend toward automation are influencing the development and adoption of photoelectric cells, making them essential components in various control and sensing systems.

Some of the benefits of photoelectric cells include: 

  • Environmental Advantages: Photoelectric cells play a significant role in promoting environmentally responsible practices. By facilitating the adoption of energy-efficient lighting and control systems, these cells contribute to an overall reduction in energy consumption. Consequently, this helps mitigate greenhouse gas emissions, aligning them with eco-friendly initiatives and sustainability goals.
  • Energy Conservation: One of the standout features of photoelectric cells is their exceptional energy efficiency. They operate with a keen sensitivity to light and only consume electrical power when exposed to it. This characteristic makes them particularly well-suited for applications such as outdoor lighting and streetlights, where they activate automatically in low-light conditions and deactivate when sufficient natural light is available. As a result, they play a pivotal role in conserving energy and curbing electricity expenses.
  • Automation: Photoelectric cells serve as critical components in automation systems, detecting variations in light levels and initiating specific actions or processes. For instance, they are employed in elevators to recognize passengers as they enter or exit, and they find application in industrial environments to ensure precise positioning and control of machinery.

COVID -19 Impact

Before the Pandemic (Pre-2020):

Prior to the pandemic, the photoelectric cell industry was experiencing a period of growth and innovation. It was driven by the increasing demand for automation across various industries, including manufacturing, automotive, and electronics. Photoelectric cells played a pivotal role in these sectors, providing reliable sensing and control solutions. Moreover, the industry benefited from the growing emphasis on energy efficiency, particularly in the context of smart homes and buildings. Research and development efforts were directed toward enhancing the sensitivity, reliability, and cost-effectiveness of photoelectric cells, positioning the industry for continued expansion.

During the Pandemic (2020-2021):

The COVID-19 pandemic brought unprecedented challenges to the photoelectric cell industry. Global supply chains were disrupted, manufacturing processes were hampered, and industries that heavily relied on automation, such as automotive manufacturing and construction, faced slowdowns and temporary shutdowns. These factors resulted in decreased demand for photoelectric cells and related components in certain sectors. However, the pandemic also highlighted the importance of automation and contactless operation in healthcare, e-commerce, and other critical areas. As a result, some segments of the industry experienced increased demand for photoelectric cells, particularly for applications related to inventory management and the operation of equipment in a contactless manner. Companies in the photoelectric cell sector had to navigate challenges related to workforce safety, supply chain disruptions, and economic uncertainty during this phase.

After the Pandemic (Post-2021 and beyond):

As economies gradually recover from the pandemic's impact, there is an anticipated resurgence in demand for automation technologies, including photoelectric cells. The lessons learned during the pandemic underscored the importance of automation, efficiency, and supply chain resilience. Industries are expected to continue adopting photoelectric cells for various applications, including manufacturing automation, smart building solutions, and renewable energy systems. The focus on energy efficiency and sustainability is likely to persist, further driving the adoption of photoelectric cells in lighting control and renewable energy applications. Research and innovation in the photoelectric cell sector may intensify as companies seek to improve performance and reduce costs. Moreover, supply chain strategies may evolve, with a potential shift toward more localized production and distribution to mitigate future disruptions.

In conclusion, the COVID-19 pandemic had a multifaceted impact on the photoelectric cell industry, with disruptions during the crisis followed by opportunities for growth and adaptation in the post-pandemic landscape. The industry's resilience and ability to align with evolving market demands will be instrumental in its continued development.


Increased adoption of industrial robots

The increased adoption of industrial robots is driving a heightened demand for photoelectric cells, as these essential components play a vital role in enhancing the efficiency, safety, and adaptability of automated processes. Photoelectric cells are deployed in various critical functions, from object detection and distance measurement to quality control and safety measures. As industries increasingly rely on robotic automation to streamline production and manufacturing processes, the versatility and precision of photoelectric cells have made them indispensable for optimizing robot performance. This symbiotic relationship between industrial robots and photoelectric cells is poised to continue flourishing, supporting the evolution of more sophisticated and efficient automated systems across a wide range of industries.


Availability of Substitute Products

The availability of substitute products for photoelectric cells offers versatility in addressing diverse sensing and automation needs. Depending on the application's requirements, several alternatives come into play. Infrared sensors, with their ability to detect motion and proximity, offer an alternative when light-based photoelectric cells are not optimal. Ultrasonic sensors, relying on sound waves, find use in distance measurement and obstacle detection, serving as substitutes in various scenarios. Capacitive sensors, responsive to changes in capacitance, provide alternatives in touchscreens, object detection, and liquid level sensing applications. Laser sensors, known for precision in distance measurement and object detection, are vital in industrial automation. Vision systems, equipped with cameras and image processing, replace or complement photoelectric cells in applications demanding advanced object recognition and inspection. Proximity switches and mechanical switches offer basic control alternatives for specific scenarios. The choice among these substitutes hinges on factors like required sensing range, accuracy, environmental conditions, and cost considerations, ensuring flexibility in tailoring sensing solutions to meet diverse needs while photoelectric cells continue to excel in versatility, ease of use, and reliability.


Increased adoption of wireless sensors across industries

The growing adoption of wireless sensors across industries serves as a catalyst for the expansion of photoelectric cells in various applications. These wireless sensor networks are at the forefront of modern industrial trends like IoT and Industry 4.0, emphasizing data-driven decision-making and automation. Photoelectric cells, integrated into these networks, contribute real-time data on light levels, motion, and object detection, enabling predictive maintenance, enhancing energy efficiency, and bolstering security measures. Additionally, they play a pivotal role in sustainability efforts, optimizing lighting systems, facilitating smart building solutions, and supporting renewable energy initiatives. With their adaptability, scalability, and the ability to reduce downtime through predictive maintenance, photoelectric cells stand as essential components in the wireless sensor networks that are reshaping how industries operate and evolve. according The global count of Internet of Things (IoT) devices is poised for remarkable growth, expected to nearly double from 15.1 billion in 2020 to surpass 29 billion by 2030. In this IoT-driven landscape, China is anticipated to lead the way with approximately 8 billion consumer devices by 2030. IoT devices continue to find utility across diverse industry sectors and consumer markets, with the consumer segment comprising roughly 60 percent of the total IoT-connected devices in 2020. This proportional representation is projected to remain consistent over the coming decade, highlighting the enduring significance of IoT devices in reshaping both industries and consumer experiences.

Inclination of Individuals for the Usage of Renewable Energy

The increasing preference among individuals for the utilization of renewable energy sources, particularly solar power, serves as a significant catalyst for the surge in demand for photoelectric cells. As people gravitate towards clean and sustainable energy solutions to mitigate environmental concerns and reduce their carbon footprint, photoelectric cells, forming the core of solar panels, play a pivotal role in capturing and converting sunlight into electricity. This shift towards renewable energy sources aligns with the pursuit of energy independence, economic savings, and a commitment to environmental responsibility. With continuous technological advancements and supportive government policies, the appeal of photoelectric cells as a key enabler of renewable energy generation continues to rise, shaping a more sustainable and resilient energy landscape.

Market Segmentation

By Type

  • The Photovoltaic cell segment dominated the phosphate test kits Market in terms of revenue in 2022.
  • The Photoconductive cell expected to be the fastest growing segment with 21.22% CAGR during 2023-2030

By Type, the global Photoelectric Cells Market is divided into Photoconductive cell, Photo emissive cell, Photovoltaic cell.

Photoconductive cells, with their cost-effectiveness and adaptability to a wide range of light levels, are well-suited for light-sensitive applications like streetlights and cameras. On Photovoltaic cells, also known as solar cells, are the go-to option for harnessing sunlight to generate electricity, making them indispensable in the realm of renewable energy production. The optimal choice among these photoelectric cells depends on the specific needs and objectives of the given application, allowing for tailored solutions across a diverse array of industries and technologies.

By Application

  • The Power Producers segment dominated the Photoelectric Cells Market in 2022.
  • Light amplifier is the fastest-growing segment, growing at a CAGR of 18.9% during the forecast period.

By Application in the Photoelectric Cells Market is divided by Power producers, Light detectors, Light amplifier.

Photovoltaic cells, renowned for their ability to transform sunlight into electrical power, have become a cornerstone in the pursuit of eco-friendly energy production. With a mounting emphasis on environmental sustainability, power producers are progressively embracing photovoltaic arrays and expansive solar farms as essential solutions to cater to the escalating demands for clean energy. The power producer segment holds a prominent position due to the surging global demand for clean and renewable energy sources. Photovoltaic cells, which convert sunlight into electricity, have become a linchpin in the quest for sustainable power generation. As concerns about environmental sustainability grow, power producers are increasingly turning to photovoltaic arrays and large-scale solar farms to meet energy needs. In parallel, the light amplifier segment is emerging as one of the fastest-growing segments within the Photoelectric Cells Market. This growth can be attributed to advancements in various technologies that harness the amplification capabilities of photoelectric cells for manipulating and enhancing light signals. In sectors such as telecommunications, where high-speed data transmission and optical communication systems are in high demand, light amplifiers have become indispensable components. They play a crucial role in boosting signal strength and improving signal quality, addressing the ever-increasing need for efficient data transfer.

By End User

  • The Electronics & Semiconductor segment dominated the Photoelectric Cells Market in 2022.
  • The Automotive is the fastest-growing segment, growing at a CAGR of 26.59% during the forecast period.

By End User the Photoelectric Cells Market is divided into Automotive, Military & Aerospace, Electronics & Semiconductor.

The electronic and semiconductor industry is a significant consumer of photoelectric cells, driven by the escalating demand for electronic devices and components. These versatile cells find application across a spectrum of electronic devices, serving as sensors, detectors, and power sources for portable electronics. Furthermore, within this sector, there exists an unwavering commitment to augment performance and efficiency, evident in the substantial progress of photoelectric cell technology. These cells have evolved significantly in terms of efficiency, miniaturization, and seamless integration, rendering them increasingly attractive for a diverse range of electronic applications.

Simultaneously, the automotive industry is in the midst of a profound transformation, characterized by an expanding emphasis on electric and hybrid vehicles. Photoelectric cells assume a pivotal role in driving this transformation, finding versatile applications within electric vehicles (EVs). These applications encompass efficient battery management, harnessing solar energy through integrated roofs, and enabling advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS). Furthermore, the decreasing production costs of photoelectric cells are fostering their more widespread integration into vehicles, thus driving the expansion of the automotive segment.

By Region

  • The Asia Pacific region dominated the Photoelectric Cells Market in 2022.
  • Europe region is the fastest growing segment, growing at a CAGR of 22.34% during the forecast period.

By region, the global Photoelectric Cells Market is divided into North America, Europe, APAC and Others. Others is further divided into Middle East, Africa and South America.

APAC countries, with China being a notable example, have historically hosted a substantial share of the global photoelectric cell manufacturing infrastructure. This has bestowed them with a competitive edge in terms of both production capacity and cost-efficiency. Additionally, numerous governments across the APAC region have introduced favorable policies and incentives aimed at fostering the adoption of solar energy and photoelectric cells. These proactive measures have acted as catalysts for market expansion.

Conversely, Europe has embraced ambitious renewable energy objectives, exemplified by initiatives like the European Green Deal, which targets carbon neutrality by 2050. This commitment has triggered a surge in investments in renewable technologies, prominently including photoelectric cells. Furthermore, Europe has consistently been a frontrunner in advancing photovoltaic technology through intensive research and development efforts. These endeavors have contributed significantly to heightened efficiency levels and enhanced cost-effectiveness within the industry.

Competitive Landscape

The global Photoelectric Cells Market is consolidated with the presence of few major players contributing to the market revenue. This dominance of these major players is driven by their technological expertise, extensive resources, and established brand recognition. These companies typically offered comprehensive and diversified digital twin solutions, dealing with various aspects of healthcare, such as patient-specific modeling, predictive analytics, and operational optimization.

However, the attractiveness of the market has resulted into many new start-ups entering the market with specific solutions and thereby attracting the end use industries. 

 Major Players Recent Developments

  • In July 2021, Atlas Renewable Energy, a global leader in renewable energy solutions, and Unipar, a prominent player in the South American market for chlorine, chlorides, and PVC, jointly announced the execution of a significant solar energy power purchase agreement (PPA) in Brazil.
  • In January 2019, Rockwell Automation completed the acquisition of Emulate 3D, a move aimed at enhancing operational efficiency by enabling digital machine prototyping.
  • In August 2021, Iberdrola unveiled insights into the evolution, diverse applications, and the latest advancements in photovoltaic cells. Solar energy, also known as photovoltaic energy, stands out as one of the most efficient renewable energy sources today and is poised to play a pivotal role in the global decarbonization efforts.

Photoelectric Cells Market Scope

Report Components Details
Report Components


Base Year


Forecast Period

2023 – 2030

Quantitative Units

Revenue in US $ 

  • photoelectric cells as a tool in medical devices
  • Growing penetration of nan-technology is creating market demand.
  • Growing Demand in Manufacturing Industries
  • Increased adoption of industrial robots
  • Availability of Substitute Products
  • Climatic Changes May Affect the Conversion to Electricity
  • Lack of consumer awareness
  • Increased adoption of wireless sensors across industries
  • Rising Adoption of Solar Power in Developing Economies
  • Increasing Popularity of Photoelectric Cells
  • Inclination of Individuals for the Usage of enewable Energy
Segments Covered

Type (Photoconductive cell, Photo emissive cell, Photovoltaic cell), Application (Power producers, Light detectors, Light amplifiers), End users (Automotive, Military & Aerospace, Electronics & Semiconductor)

Countries Covered

U.S. and Canada in North America, Germany, France, U.K., Netherlands, Switzerland, Belgium, Russia, Italy, Spain, Turkey, Rest of Europe in Europe, China, Japan, India, South Korea, Singapore, Malaysia, Australia, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, Rest of Asia-Pacific (APAC) in the APAC, Others include Saudi Arabia, U.A.E, South Africa, Egypt, Israel, Rest of Middle East and Africa (MEA), Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, and Rest of South America as part of South America

Market Players Covered

Solid Power, Inc., QuantumScape Corporation, BrightVolt, Inc., Ilika plc, Cymbet Corporation, Prieto Battery Inc., Hitachi Zosen Corporation, ProLogium Technology CO., Ltd, Johnson Energy Storage, Inc., PJP Eye LTD, Factorial Inc.,  Front Edge Technology, Inc., I-TEN S.A., Pepperl & Fuchs, Banner Engineering, IFM Electronic FZC, Schneider Electric, Sick AG, Rockwell Automation, Inc., Panasonic Corporation

Table of Contents


1.1 Overview of the Market

1.2 Scope of Report

1.3 Assumptions





3.1 Data Mining

3.2 Validation

3.3 Primary Interviews

3.4 List of Data Sources



4.1 Overview

4.2 Market Dynamics

4.2.1 Drivers

4.2.2 Restraints

4.2.3 Opportunities

4.3 Porters Five Force Model

4.3.1. Bargaining Power of Suppliers

4.3.2. Threat of New Entrants

4.3.3. Threat of Substitutes

4.3.4. Competitive Rivalry

4.3.5. Bargaining Power among Buyers

4.4 Value Chain Analysis



5.1 Overview

5.2 Photo emissive cell

5.3 Photoconductive cell

5.4 Photovoltaic cell


6.1 Overview

6.2 Power producers

6.3 Light detectors

6.4 Light amplifiers


7.1 Overview

7.2 Automotive

7.3 Military & Aerospace

7.4 Electronics & Semiconductor


8.1 North America

8.1.1 U.S.

8.1.2 Canada

8.2 Europe

8.2.1 Germany

8.2.3 U.K.

8.2.4 France

8.2.5 Rest of Europe

8.3 Asia Pacific

8.3.1 China

8.3.2 Japan

8.3.3 India

8.3.4 South Korea

8.3.5 Singapore

8.3.6 Malaysia

8.3.7 Australia

8.3.8 Thailand

8.3.9 Indonesia

8.3.10 Philippines

8.3.11 Rest of Asia Pacific

8.4 Others

8.4.1 Saudi Arabia

8.4.2 U.A.E.

8.4.3 South Africa

8.4.4 Egypt

8.4.5 Israel

8.4.6 Rest of Middle East and Africa (MEA)

8.4.7 Brazil

8.4.8 Argentina

8.4.9 Mexico

8.4.10 Rest of South America



9.1 Solid Power, Inc.

9.1.1. Company Overview

9.1.2. Key Executives

9.1.3. Operating Business Segments

9.1.4. Product Portfolio

9.1.5. Financial Performance (As per availability)

9.1.6 Key News


9.2 QuantumScape Corporation

9.2.1. Company Overview

9.2.2. Key Executives

9.2.3. Operating Business Segments

9.2.4. Product Portfolio

9.2.5. Financial Performance (As per availability)

9.2.6. Key News


9.3 BrightVolt, Inc.

9.3.1. Company Overview

9.3.2. Key Executives

9.3.3. Operating Business Segments

9.3.4. Product Portfolio

9.3.5. Financial Performance (As per availability)

9.3.6. Key News


9.4  Ilika plc

9.4.1. Company Overview

9.4.2. Key Executives

9.4.3. Operating Business Segments

9.4.4. Product Portfolio

9.4.5. Financial Performance (As per availability)

9.4.6. Key News


9.5 Cymbet Corporation

9.5.1. Company Overview

9.5.2. Key Executives

9.5.3. Operating Business Segments

9.5.4. Product Portfolio

9.5.5. Financial Performance (As per availability)

9.5.6. Key News


9.6 Prieto Battery Inc.

9.6.1. Company Overview

9.6.2. Key Executives

9.6.3. Operating Business Segments

9.6.4. Product Portfolio

9.6.5. Financial Performance (As per availability)

9.6.6. Key News


9.7  Hitachi Zosen Corporation

9.7.1. Company Overview

9.7.2. Key Executives

9.7.3. Operating Business Segments

9.7.4. Product Portfolio

9.7.5. Financial Performance (As per availability)

9.7.6. Key News


9.8 ProLogium Technology CO., Ltd

9.8.1. Company Overview

9.8.2. Key Executives

9.8.3. Operating Business Segments

9.8.4. Product Portfolio

9.8.5. Financial Performance (As per availability)

9.8.6. Key News


9.9 Johnson Energy Storage, Inc.

9.9.1. Company Overview

9.9.2. Key Executives

9.9.3. Operating Business Segments

9.9.4. Product Portfolio

9.9.5. Financial Performance (As per availability)

9.9.6. Key News


9.10 PJP Eye LTD

9.10.1. Company Overview

9.10.2. Key Executives

9.10.3. Operating Business Segments

9.10.4. Product Portfolio

9.10.5. Financial Performance (As per availability)

9.10.6. Key News


9.11 Factorial Inc.

9.11.1. Company Overview

9.11.2. Key Executives

9.11.3. Operating Business Segments

9.11.4. Product Portfolio

9.11.5. Financial Performance (As per availability)

9.11.6. Key News


9.12 Front Edge Technology, Inc.

9.12.1. Company Overview

9.12.2. Key Executives

9.12.3. Operating Business Segments

9.12.4. Product Portfolio

9.12.5. Financial Performance (As per availability)

9.12.6. Key News


9.13 I-TEN S.A.

9.13.1. Company Overview

9.13.2. Key Executives

9.13.3. Operating Business Segments

9.13.4. Product Portfolio

9.13.5. Financial Performance (As per availability)

9.13.6. Key News


9.14  Pepperl & Fuchs

9.14.1. Company Overview

9.14.2. Key Executives

9.14.3. Operating Business Segments

9.14.4. Product Portfolio

9.14.5. Financial Performance (As per availability)

9.14.6. Key News


9.15  Banner Engineering

9.15.1. Company Overview

9.15.2. Key Executives

9.15.3. Operating Business Segments

9.15.4. Product Portfolio

9.15.5. Financial Performance (As per availability)

9.15.6. Key News


9.16  IFM Electronic FZC

9.16.1. Company Overview

9.16.2. Key Executives

9.16.3. Operating Business Segments

9.16.4. Product Portfolio

9.16.5. Financial Performance (As per availability)

9.16.6. Key News


9.17 Schneider Electric

9.17.1. Company Overview

9.17.2. Key Executives

9.17.3. Operating Business Segments

9.17.4. Product Portfolio

9.17.5. Financial Performance (As per availability)

9.17.6. Key News


9.18 Sick AG

9.18.1. Company Overview

9.18.2. Key Executives

9.18.3. Operating Business Segments

9.18.4. Product Portfolio

9.18.5. Financial Performance (As per availability)

9.18.6. Key News


9.19 Rockwell Automation, Inc.

9.19.1. Company Overview

9.19.2. Key Executives

9.19.3. Operating Business Segments

9.19.4. Product Portfolio

9.19.5. Financial Performance (As per availability)

9.19.6. Key News


9.20 Panasonic Corporation

9.20.1. Company Overview

9.20.2. Key Executives

9.20.3. Operating Business Segments

9.20.4. Product Portfolio

9.20.5. Financial Performance (As per availability)

9.20.6. Key News

Global Photoelectric Cells Market Segmentation

Photoelectric Cells by Type: Market Size & Forecast 2023-2030

  • Photoconductive cell
  • Photo emissive cell
  • Photovoltaic cell

Photoelectric Cells by Application: Market Size & Forecast 2023-2030

  • Power producers
  • Light detectors
  • Light amplifiers

Photoelectric Cells by End User: Market Size & Forecast 2023-2030

  • Automotive
  • Military & Aerospace
  • Electronics & Semiconductor

Photoelectric Cells by Geography: Market Size & Forecast 2023-2030

  • North America (USA, Canada, Mexico)
  • Europe (Germany, UK, France, Russia, Italy, Rest of Europe)
  • Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, South Korea, India, Southeast Asia, Rest of Asia-Pacific)
  • South America (Brazil, Argentina, Columbia, Rest of South America)
  • Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Nigeria, South Africa, Rest of MEA)

Major Players:

  • Solid Power, Inc., 
  • QuantumScape Corporation
  • BrightVolt, Inc.
  • Ilika plc
  • Cymbet Corporation
  • Prieto Battery Inc.
  • Hitachi Zosen Corporation
  • ProLogium Technology CO., Ltd
  • Johnson Energy Storage, Inc.
  • PJP Eye LTD
  • Factorial Inc.
  • Front Edge Technology, Inc.
  • I-TEN S.A.
  • Pepperl & Fuchs
  • Banner Engineering
  • IFM Electronic FZC
  • Schneider Electric
  • Sick AG
  • Rockwell Automation, Inc.
  • Panasonic Corporation

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